BRIEF HISTORY OF THE SISTERS OF ST. LOUIS
The origin of the Sisters of St Louis can be traced back to 1797 to Turkenstein near Strasbourg in France, when three people (Abbé Louis Joseph Colmar, Marie Madeline Louise Humann, and Thérèse Brek) signed a spiritual act of union, where they promised to remain united together in the heart of Christ until death, to fulfil Christ’s prayer. A few decades later, this union profoundly influenced a young man named Louis Marie Eugène Bautain who later became a priest, and in 1842, he officially founded the Institute of St Louis in Juilly, outside Paris with the help of Mere Thérèse de la Criox. Louis Marie Eugène Bautain was guided by the phrase “Sint Unum – “May they be one”, taken from Our Lord’s prayer at the last supper (John 17:21). His passion of one world, healed, unified, and transformed, continues to inspire all the sisters till today.
The Institute of men and women was approved by Rome in July, 1844, but by 1850, the priests disbanded, leaving the sisters remaining in the order. In 1859, the first Irish foundation was established in Monaghan, and two years later, they separated from France on the orders of their Bishop, who did not wish for them to be governed from there. For the next few decades, the Irish and French Institutes expanded separately across Ireland and France. In 1903, the first Belgian foundation was established by the French Institute, and in 1912, the first English foundation was established from Ireland. By the end of the second world war, their numbers had declined significantly in the French Institute, and in 1952, it amalgamated with the St Louis Institute in Ireland.
The first St Louis missions outside of Europe began in the middle of the 20th century, to Ghana in 1947, Nigeria in 1948, and California in 1949. In 1978, a mission from California was established in Brazil in 1977. The Nigeria province established a mission in Benin in 2001 and in 2013, the first foundation in the Tigray region of Ethiopia was established by the Institute.
Today, there are many sisters living in these regions and engaging in a variety of ministries, including community development, education, healthcare and pastoral care. Despite ageing and declining numbers in some areas, new members are joining every year in countries such as Ghana and Nigeria.
The spirit of Sint Unum still thrives today and the sisters and lay associates continue to contribute to and enrich local communities worldwide.